The Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development (CEED) is a think-do institution that conducts research and advocacy, and partners with communities in promoting an ecologically just, people-centered energy and development path. Check this page regularly to stay updated on our latest publications!

Will San Miguel Corporation power a world made better? A report scoping the energy transition direction of the Philippines’ biggest fossil fuel expansionist

San Miguel Corporation (SMC) drives the continued proliferation of dirty and costly energy from fossil fuels in the Philippines, which goes against climate, environmental, and socio-economic interests of Filipinos. We explore this in CEED’s latest report. | June 2023

Position Paper: CEED on AIIB’s latest Energy Sector Strategy update

In November 2022, the Board of Directors of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) approved the latest update of the Bank’s Energy Sector Strategy (ESS). It comes after a series of consultations heavily criticized for glaring shortcomings in transparency and conduciveness. The resulting update testifies to AIIB’s failure to sufficiently take into account the energy development needs of its stakeholders in Asia. | December 2022

Financing a Fossil Future: Special Report on High Prices and Fossil Gas Expansion in SEA

Southeast Asia has been bannering ambitious plans for gas in recent years, backed by financiers keen to fuel a more catastrophic climate crisis. Soaring energy prices and a rapidly closing window to meet climate imperatives dictate that the mad dash for gas in SEA must be stopped. Launched as the second week of COP 27 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt begins and ahead the G20 summit in Nusa Dua, Bali, CEED’s special report builds on the Financing a Fossil Future 2022 report and zooms in on rising energy prices and the need to halt emissions, especially methane, amid the intensifying climate crisis. | November 2022

Greening the AIIB: Diverting the Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank’s Fossil Fuel Financing towards Upscaling Action for Climate and a Just Energy Transition

CEED’s report, co-published with regional civil society network NGO Forum on ADB, reveals that despite support provided to develop solar and wind projects while avoiding direct financing for coal, the AIIB goes against climate imperatives and risks tying the region to decades more of continued fossil fuel dependence through fossil gas investments and indirect support to coal, among other loopholes. | July 2022

[Reports] Fossil gas: A bane for the environment

Studies produced by CEED and Caritas Philippines (CBCP-NASSA) on the quality and marine ecology of waters along an existing 1,200 MW gas-fired power plant and two new gas projects in Barangay Ilijan in Batangas Bay make clear: a thorough rethink of gas expansion plans nationally is urgently needed. | June 2022

Financing a Fossil Future: Tracing the Money Pipeline of Fossil Gas in Southeast Asia

Amid record-high fuel rates and a raging climate crisis, Southeast Asia is spiraling into a fossil future thanks to a massive fleet of gas projects, risking the region’s energy security, biodiversity, and any and all hope to limit global temperature rise to less catastrophic levels. This report published by CEED and partners dives into fossil gas projects and companies in SEA and the institutions that bankrolled their destructive activities through financial services from 2016 to 2022. | June 2022

CEED on DOE Competitive Selection Process circular

As the Department of Energy (DOE) finalizes a department circular on the Competitive Selection Process (CSP), CEED urges the DOE to consider these recommendations and comments for more people-centered and sustainable procurement processes among distribution utilities. | August 2021

Switching On Transformative Energy | Report

The worsening climate crisis, lingering pandemic, and increasingly unreliable and inequitable energy systems provide the Philippines an unparalleled opportunity to rethink its energy sector, and sustained reliance on fossil fuels would only keep the country from reaping the full benefits of its readily available renewable energy sources. | July 2021

Philippine Fossil Gas Landscape

Amid climate and economic crises and intensifying power woes, the Philippines seeks to heavily develop its dependence on another fossil fuel: fossil gas. This study explores the current fossil gas landscape and takes stock of proposed policies, laws, and plans for the development of the fossil gas industry and their implications to energy security, power rates, critical ecological areas, and climate goals. | July 2021

Position Paper: On ADB’s Draft Energy Policy

After over two years of engaging the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in its Energy Policy Review process, CEED is glad that the Draft Energy Policy published on May 7, 2021 included several recommendations from civil society – including a commitment to assist its member countries in their coal phaseout. Much, however, remains to be addressed. | June 2021

Policy brief: Why the PH natural gas development bills are climate-blind

In renewable energy-rich and climate-vulnerable Philippines, both houses of Congress are deliberating bills that seek to develop the midstream and down-stream fossil gas industries. bridge, in the country’s low-carbon transition. While we have yet to fully phase-out the coal industry, the single largest driver of the climate emergency, we are yet again developing another fossil fuel without a clear phase-out plan in sight. | April 2021

Phasing out jeepneys and driving unemployment in the time of COVID

CEED’s latest think-piece analyzes the unjust Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Program that has left tens of thousands of jeepney workers unemployed and displaced since the COVID pandemic hit. It is this injustice that prompted transport workers, workers groups, commuters, and sustainable transport advocates to fight for a just transition towards a truly low-carbon and democratic public transport system even in the time of COVID. | January 2021

Policy Brief | Preventing Another 20 Years of Coal

Following a two-year legal battle which effectively prevented seven coal power supply agreements with expensive electricity rates to come into effect for the next 20 years, Meralco risks procuring expensive electricity from coal companies for the next 20 years yet again. | December 2020

REpower Negros:

The latest publication of CEED and grassroots movement REpower Negros reveals the two-province island’s potential to serve as a starting point for the transformation of the country’s power sector thanks to its unique power landscape. | September 2020

Leaving behind ADB’s Dirty Energy Legacy:

Ahead the 2020 ADB Annual Meeting, NGO Forum on ADB and the Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development (CEED) released a critical review of the Bank’s energy policy and portfolio, urging ADB to take on its catalytic role in Asia’s energy transformation by formally imposing a coal ban as a first step towards full alignment to the 1.5˚C goal of the Paris Agreement. | September 2020

Comments: CEED on the draft Philippine Energy Plan 2018-2040

The Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development finds the DOE’s initiative towards updating the Philippine Energy Plan (PEP) commendable given the context and changes brought about by COVID-19. In response to the call for comments issued by the DOE to stakeholders, CEED provides recommendations to the current plan for the department’s consideration in order to achieve a people-centered, ecologically just, and Paris-aligned energy plan. | August 2020

Withdraw From Coal: Coal Divestment Criteria and Scorecard

Is your bank funding the climate crisis by funding coal? From 2009 to 2019, 15 Philippine banks were identified to have directly channeled at least 12.63 billion USD to coal-fired power plant projects and coal developer companies.

On May 28, the Withdraw From Coal Campaign launched its Coal ​Divestment Criteria and Scorecard, a coal exposure and policy assessment tool which seeks to aid Philippine banks rethink their coal financing activities and assess the risks involved in such. | May 2020

The Decade In Review: Expanding Coal, Lagging Renewables, and Rising Fossil Gas

Expanding coal, lagging development of renewable energy, and rising use of fossil gas – this is the gloomy reality that a review of the past decade’s energy landscape showed. There is, however, much reason to believe that the tides will soon turn in favor of clean and affordable energy for all. | May 2020

Position Paper: CEED on the Green Energy Pricing Program

The Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development finds the DOE’s initiative towards promoting the utilization and development of renewable energy through GEAP commendable. CEED, however, poses some key points for the department’s consideration in potentially raising the policy’s impacts. | April 2020

Policy Brief: Volcanic Ash, Coal Ash, and Air Quality and Emission Standards in the Philippines

Following the recent phreatic eruption of the Taal Volcano which led to the displacement of more than 20,000 families, there has been growing concerns on the harmful impacts of volcanic ash to public health. This has also led to greater awareness of another toxic and polluted emission from which many communities have long been suffering–coal ash. This policy brief takes a comparative look at the harmful impacts of volcanic ash and coal ash, the country’s existing guidelines and standards on ambient air quality and emissions of stationary sources, and the system for monitoring compliance. | January 2020

Convergence for 100% Clean and Affordable Renewable Energy (CARE) in the Philippines

In celebration of the 10th year anniversary of the Renewable Energy Law (RE Law), the Center for Energy, Ecology, and Development (CEED), Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ), Greenpeace Philippines, World Wide Fund for Nature Philippines (WWF Philippines), Bantay Kita, and Sanlakas as part of the Power for People Coalition (P4P Coalition), created a space for confluence among key stakeholders in the country’s power industry in a Symposium entitled “Convergence for 100% Renewable Energy in the Philippines: A Symposium on the Challenges faced by Stakeholders in advancing Renewable Energy in the Philippines”. | November 2018

Just Transition In the Philippines

The changing global landscape demands that we change our relationship with the world and with each other. The global climate crisis, in particular, puts a spotlight on the need for a Just Transition towards an economy and society which responds to this changing world. | October 2018

Policy Brief: Executive Order No. 30, S. 2017 – Expediting Coal Expansion in the Guise of Development and at the Cost of Human Rights

On 28 June 2017, President Rodrigo Duterte issued Executive Order No. 30, Series of 2017, which created the Energy Investment Coordinating Council (EICC). The EICC will lead the streamlining of processes in obtaining permits and regulatory approvals from concerned government agencies to expedite the implementation of Energy Projects of National Significance (EPNS) towards economic growth and development. The issuance is based on the policy to ensure the quality, reliability, security, and affordability of the supply of electric power. | October 2018